California Health and Safety Code 11352(b) HS "transport Controlled Substance for sale between counties" is a felony. HS 11352(b) is one of the most serious drug offense that can be committed. Transporting across county lines increasing the penalty significantly compared to transportation for sale within a county, under HS 11352(a). Drug diversion programs are not available for HS 11352(b).
What must be proven in a transport Controlled Substance for sale between counties case?
- the defendant transported a controlled substance within California from one county to another county;
- the defendant transported the controlled substance for the purpose of sale;
- the defendant knew of the controlled substance's presence; and
- the defendant knew it to be a controlled substance;
In the United States justice system, a defendant is presumed innocent until proven guilty. The prosecutor has the burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt that the crime occurred.
What are the penalties for a transport Controlled Substance for sale between counties?
HS 11352(b) has maximum fine of up to $10,000 and/or up to 9 years in county jail or state prison if ineligible under PC 1170(h)(3).
HS 11352(b) requires life time registration as a drug offender.
What are the defenses to transport Controlled Substance for sale between counties?
The defendant did not have control over the controlled substance
If the controlled substance was not under the actual or constructive control of the defendant than he or she is not guilty of possession of a controlled substance. This includes situations where another person has possession or the controlled substance was found in an area owned or in the control of another.
The defendant did not know it was a controlled substance
The defendant must know that he or she is in possession of a controlled substance. A defendant that borrowed a car or jacket for another and is later searched by police is not guilty of possession of controlled substance if they were unaware of the drugs.
The drugs were for personal use only
It must be proven that the defendant had the intent to sell. This is usually proven by the manner in which the drugs were stored, one large container vs small individual bags. The presence of measuring devices also indicate an intent to sale. If the drugs were for personal consumption only then a defendant is not guilty of HS 11352(b).
The defendant did not have the intent to sell the drugs
The defendant must be transporting the drugs with intent to sell the drugs at some point. Transporting drugs between locations for personal storage or use is not a violation of HS 11352(b) unless it can proven the intent is to sell the drugs at later time.
The defendant did not transport drugs between counties
If the police mistakenly believe a defendant has transported between counties, the defendant is not guilty of HS 11352(b). This can occur if the defendant was observed traveling between counties by law enforcement but the drugs were picked up while in the second county.
The defendant is entrapped if a law enforcement officer engaged in conduct that would cause a normally law-abiding person to commit the crime. The defendant has the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence an entrapment occurred.
Bottom line, you need an experienced attorney who is willing to walk you through the entire process, evaluate your case effectively for weaknesses and exploit the issues in your case to achieve the best results. The Law Offices of Steven McNicholl has that experience and will get you through your case in the best shape possible.